Pet Health

Cancer in Pets Similar to Human Disease

posted March 15th, 2011 by
  • Share

BY DERINDA D. BLAKENEY

KIMBERLY REEDS, DvM, recently joined Oklahoma State University’s Center for Veterinary Health Sciences as an assistant professor of oncology. She works at the Boren Veterinary Medical Hospital treating dogs and cats with cancer.

“Dogs and cats get cancers comparable to the ones humans get,” explains Reeds. “The types of cancer are very similar to those diagnosed in humans and similar cancers appear in both small animal species such as lymphoma and skin tumors. The most common cancers we treat are lymphoma and mast cell tumors in dogs.”

While attending OSU’s veterinary college, Reeds’ interest in oncology was sparked one summer working on a research project.

Dr. Kimberly Reeds examines Sahara as registered veterinary technician, Lisa Gallery, holds the dog.

“I liked being able to offer help to people who didn’t think any help was available for their pet,” she says. “Cancer is a devastating diagnosis. I want people to understand that usually there is something we can do to extend the patient’s life or at least make it better. A cancer diagnosis is no longer a death sentence. In most cases there is still hope.”

She recommends a veterinary examination when pet owners notice sudden changes in behavior or appetite, vomiting and diarrhea, the presence of a mass or a swelling that doesn’t go away or persistent pain. However, not all of these symptoms lead to a cancer diagnosis.

In animals, the protocol for cancer treatment differs from humans.

“The first option in general for animals is surgery to remove the cancer followed by chemotherapy and/or radiation, except for lymphoma. There is usually no surgical option for lymphoma so it’s straight to chemotherapy treatment, which varies in length of time for treatment.”

Depending on the diagnosis, chemotherapy may last 3-6 months or some longer-term chemo treatments may be for an indefinite time, with the owner giving the pet a pill daily.

“The side effects vary depending on the drug itself, the drug dose and the intensity of the drug protocol. Some animals experience gastro intestinal upset, but in general, dogs and cats actually handle chemotherapy pretty well.

They don’t experience the expectation that it will cure them. Animals also do not lose their hair during treatment like most people do. It’s a rare occurrence when that happens.”

OSU’s veterinary hospital offers surgical and medical oncology services.

“We are approved to use the new melanoma vaccine, which is not available in many private practices. We maintain an inventory of most of the common chemotherapy drugs as well as the new anti-cancer drug, Palladia, which is used to treat mast cell tumors in dogs.”

She notes that access to a wide variety of specialists provides for consulting regarding “each other’s cases often as a team of doctors to try to come up with the best plan to obtain the best possible outcome for our patients.”

“Our focus is on extending the patient’s life while maintaining a good quality of life.” Reeds recalls a dog she treated during her oncology residency.

“I treated a chocolate female lab owned by the nicest older gentleman. The dog had a thyroid tumor in her neck. Whenever he brought her in for treatments as he would see me walk toward them, he would lean down and say to the dog, ‘Look, here comes your BFF (Best Friend Forever), Dr. Reeds.’ I smile whenever I think of that and know I made a difference in her life and her owner’s life. I gave them quality time and hope for one more good day and that is priceless.”

Following graduation from OSU’s veterinary college, she practiced for a year in Texas, then returned to OSU for advanced study of tumors. She completed a one-year Radiation Therapy Internship at Purdue University and a three-year Residency in Oncology at Kansas State University before joining OSU’s faculty. She is currently completing an M.S. degree in Veterinary Clinical Sciences at Kansas State University and the requirements for board certification as a veterinary oncologist.

For Information:
Dr. Kimberly Reeds – (405) 744-7000

Vet Field Trip Fascinates Kids

posted March 15th, 2011 by
  • Share

STORY BY KRISTI EATON

PHOTOS BY BOB FOSHAY(FOSHAY STUDIO & GALLERY)

HUDDLED In A TINY surgical suite, about  the size of a walk-in closet, seven secondgraders watch as Kevin Long, DVM, reaches  for a sharp blade. There are more observers  standing outside, peeking through a window  into the suite.

Clad in surgery mask, scrubs and gloves,  Long, the veterinarian at Good Shepherd  Veterinary Hospital in Broken Arrow, places  the blade against Ruff Ruff’s belly. He slowly  moves the blade from end-to-end on the  canine, making a long incision.

Earlier, the students watched Long weigh  Ruff Ruff and do a physical examination of the  dog’s heart, lungs, ears, eyes and mouth. The  canine was being checked because he swallowed an unknown object and was suffering  from abdominal  discomfort. The students were allowed to feel  his belly and guess what the object could be.

“It feels like a fork,” says one student.  “No, it  feels like a magnifying glass,” says another.

An X-ray showed that Ruff Ruff swallowed  scissors and Long decided surgery was necessary. 

“I’m scared. That’s scary,” one girl says, as  Long selects the blade.

“It’s OK. It’s all pretend,” the vet says.

In fact, the sweeping cut Long made along  Ruff Ruff’s belly wasn’t real at all.  Velcro was all  that kept Long from opening up Ruff Ruff’s stomach and removing the scissors.

Ruff Ruff is a toy, a Pillow Pet borrowed from  Long’s 3-year-old son.

The kids, second-  and third-graders  from Immanuel  Lutheran Christian  Academy, along  with various home  school students,  are on a field trip to  learn proper animal  care and what a  veterinarian does. It’s the second  field trip Long has  hosted and he  hopes to make it a regular event.

“The more kids that want to experience what  it’s like to be a veterinarian, that’s what we  want,” he says.

In addition to watching Ruff Ruff’s “treatment,” the 35 students saw how X-ray equipment works, viewed blood under a microscope,  and were given stethoscopes to listen to the  real heart beats of Betty, a 7-year-old Spaniel  mix owned by vet technician DeAndra Roberts,  and Sugar, whose owner, Adrienne Ashworth,  is the receptionist at Good Shepherd.

Ellis Stevens, 8, says he enjoyed looking  at the X-ray and discovering what was inside  Ruff Ruff’s stomach, while Taylor Mosby,  also 8, says her favorite part of the field trip  was the surgery “because you could see him  (Long) open him up.” She also enjoyed looking  through the microscope at the blood, something she is currently learning about at school.

Long says he enjoys letting the students feel  Ruff Ruff’s stomach and guess what could be  inside, similar to what he does as a vet.

“They’re literally doing what I do on a live animal – to see if I can feel something in there. It’s  a very important part of what we do,” he says. “It’s fun to see their eyes light up when they feel  something because I don’t think they’re expecting that. Their mind starts churning and then  they get excited about the X-ray….You can see  their brains starting to turn. ”

He also hopes the students will take away knowledge about proper pet care. “We want kids to  know the right thing to do, so when their animal is sick,  they know the vet is where they go,” he says. “It’s like  when your stomach is sick, you know your mom takes  you to the doctor.”

The field trips grew out of a discussion between  Long and his wife, Stacey, a kindergarten teacher  at Immanuel Lutheran. Long, who graduated from  Oklahoma State University’s College of Veterinary  Medicine in 2002, believes his classmates with veterinary parents had a leg-up in school,  they had experience touching animals and knowing the ins and outs of  how things work in the office, he says.

“Students like me, without parents who were vets, it  was almost like a little bit of catch up.”

When the couple designed the Good Shepherd  clinic, they wanted the space to be family-friendly and  conducive to learning. Every room has a window and  mothers can watch what their kids are doing from the  waiting area.

“So the room works in both directions, providing a  learning opportunity from the outside in, and the mom  being able to watch her kids from the inside out,” Long  says.

The field trips, open to 3-year-olds to high school  students and all area schools – public, private and  home school, are held once weekly. The 1.5 hour visits  ideally include up to 30 students.

They are developing curricula for the older students,  who will see and experience more technical aspects. For example, high school students will see and examine real X-rays and may get to observe surgeries.

The field trips are currently free, thanks to grants  from the Future Vet Program that has covered the cost  of the stethoscopes provided to the students. Merial  drug company donated plastic ticks. If the funding  eventually runs out, Long says he may charge $1 or $2 for the stethoscopes, but it will still be a reasonable  price, he says.

For Information

Good Shepherd Veterinary Hospital
Lynn Lane and Broken Arrow Expressway,
Broken Arrow
www.goodshepherdvets.com
918-893-3400

Just So You Know the Risks

posted February 9th, 2011 by
  • Share
Waking up from a profound sleep

As much as you and Fido may enjoy sharing a bed together, new research says

he could make you very sick.

In an article in this month’s Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal, author

Bruno B. Chomel said although stories of pets making their humans sick are

rare, it does happen.

In the United States, more than 60 percent of households have a pet.

And people are increasingly turning to a pet instead of having children.

Pets can bring positive health benefits in the way of psychological support,

friendship, and good health practices like exercising or reducing stress,

but he cautions against the harmful effects as well.

“Sharing our resting hours with our pets may be a source of psychological

comfort, but because pets can bring a wide range of zoonotic pathogens into

our environment, sharing is also associated with risks,” he wrote in the

paper.

The zooneses include the spreading of the plague, rabies and parasitic

diseases.

He said kissing or licking a pet could cause even more zoonotic infections,

especially for children who are more vulnerable to infection.

He discouraged people, especially young children or those with compromised

immune systems to share a bed or kiss or lick a pet.

“Any area licked by a pet, especially for children or immunocompromised

persons or an open wound, should be immediately washed with soap and water,”

he said.

– Kristi Eaton

Your Pills & Your Pets: A Deadly Mix

posted January 31st, 2011 by
  • Share
Fotolia_10577615_XS[1]

Story by Kristi Eaton

The most toxic substance for a pet is the same thing that humans use every day to feel better.

For the third straight year, medications for humans have topped the list of pet toxins, according to The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.

In 2010, ASPCA’s Animal Poison Control Center received more than 167,000 phone calls about pets exposed to possibly poisonous substances. Of those calls, the ASPCA helped diagnose and treat about 25 percent of the cases where the pet accidentally ingested the human medications. Over-the-counter meds like ibuprofen and acetaminophen, along with antidepressants and medications for attention deficit disorder are the most commonly ingested medications. Pets often ingest pills that fall on the floor, as well.

Behind medications for humans, insecticides are the next most toxic substance for pets, according to the ASPCA.

“About 20 percent of the calls are about insecticides, which are commonly used on pets for flea control or around the house to control crawling and flying bugs,” the organization wrote in a press release. “The most serious poisonings occurred when products not labeled for use in cats were applied to them, so the ASPCA recommends pet owners always follow label directions.”

Rodenticides, baits used to kill mice and rats, were found to be the third most harmful substance for pets during the past year, followed by people food like grapes and raisins — which can cause kidney failure in pets — and onion and garlic — which can cause anemia — and veterinarian medications consumed in large amounts.

Rounding out the top 10 harmful toxics to pets are chocolate, household toxins like cleaning supplies, plants, herbicides and outdoors toxins such as antifreeze and fertilizer.

– Kristi Eaton

Choose the Right Foods

posted January 20th, 2011 by
  • Share
Cibo secco  per Cani 1 11 09

Story by Kristi Eaton

Most American pet owners do not consider the age of their dog or cat when buying pet food, a new survey reveals.

The survey, released Tuesday by pet food manufacturer Iams, says only

11 percent of dog and cat owners in the U.S. say their pet’s age is the most important factor when buying food.

Oftentimes pet owners do not know what stage of life their pet is in, which means their beloved four-legged friend may not get the necessary nutrients for proper health and growth.

“When choosing a food for your cat or dog it is important to select a diet that has the right ingredients for that stage of your pet’s life,” said Dr. Katy Nelson, DVM, emergency veterinarian, in Alexandria, Va., and a member of the Iams Pet Wellness Council. “Diet requirements – including protein levels, calories and vitamins and minerals – vary over the life of a pet and, in turn, an animal’s needs change as he grows from a puppy or kitten, to an adult into a senior.”

The survey also showed that only one out of three respondents say the food’s ingredients is the most important criteria they look at when deciding what food to buy and feed their animal.  Instead, some pet owners buy food based on recommendations. Nearly four out of ten people who took the survey (about 36 percent) say recommendations from a trusted source like a veterinarian is the primary reason why they buy a certain food, while almost 25 percent say price is the main reason they will feed Fido or Tigger one brand of food over another.

– Kristi Eaton

Your Cat May Not Be Sick

posted January 10th, 2011 by
  • Share
Dr Bailey 3

Story by Kristi Eaton

If your cat is exhibiting classic symptoms of an illness – vomiting and refusing food, for example – you may want to look at your home and daily routine before you take Tigger to the vet.

A new study shows that stress from disruption in their normal routine can make otherwise healthy cats experience problems normally associated with a sickness.

Researchers at Ohio State University discovered cats experiencing “unusual external events,” like a change in feeding schedule, showed symptoms of sickness, just as the chronically ill cats in the study did. The study examined healthy cats and cats with feline interstitial cystitis. Previous studies have shown that feline interstitial cystitis can cause many other health problems. The fact that healthy cats exhibited some of the same behaviors as those with feline interstitial cystitis is noteworthy, and shows that vets should consider living situations during the diagnosis, the researchers say.

“For veterinary clinicians, when you have a cat that’s not eating, is not using the litter box or has stuff coming up out of its mouth, the quality of the environment is another cause that needs to be addressed in coming up with a diagnosis,” said Tony Buffington, professor of veterinary clinical sciences at Ohio State and senior author of the study.

The researchers concluded that the best way to keep otherwise healthy cats from experiencing some of the sickness behaviors is to follow a set feeding routine every day; keep the food and litter boxes in the same place; keep cages, toys and litter boxes cleans; and allow cats time to play each day.

“I think a huge part of this is giving cats resources they can interact with and control. Litter boxes and food bowls go without saying, but I also think that equally important are predictable schedules and some semblance of control so they don’t feel trapped.

And their humans can focus on quality interaction rather than the quantity of interaction. Understanding how they live in the world can allow humans to interact with them more effectively,” said Judi Stella, a doctoral candidate in veterinary preventive medicine and a lead author of the study.

-Kristi Eaton